It is necessary to be aware of the basic and essential elements/aspects while choosing an electrical control panel or cabinet. The electrical panels are exposed to certain environmental variables and need to store adequate components (in a proper way) for controlling the process machinery and the electricity consuming systems. Therefore, apart from the build quality, there may be many other aspects to consider when looking for an efficient and appropriate control panel design. Below are four of the critical and key aspects of the design of an industrial control panel, which should be evaluated carefully to ensure that a safe, cost-effective, and reliable option has been deployed to control electrical supply in a facility.
An essential constituent of an electrical panel is the power switch for the incoming power supply. In most instances, this switch is in the upper right-hand corner of the cabinet. A logical way of arranging components and electrical equipment within the panel is to have all the different equipment with the highest voltage ratings located at the topmost section of the panel. The next group should have components of lesser voltage and rating. Each of these groups comprising of the components of power distribution should connect to the main distribution breakers. The terminals and fuses should also be located in appropriate instances so that faults are diagnosed quickly and conveniently, and the layout and distribution are consistent are easily predicted.
Labeling is an essential aspect of industrial control panel design. Textual space can reduce by following the standards and conventions. The specific syntax is present for the PLC addresses when the PLC I/O wiring needs to be labeled. The labeling of the wire should correspond with the right terminal numbers so that there is no confusion. The labeling should have a place at the end section of the wires. Confusion is avoided, and easy diagnosis is accomplished if standard abbreviations are used for labeling the components like circuit breakers and power supplies.
Design of Wire ways
Evaluating the amount and type of wires is also crucial for a control panel design. Plenty of room should be given to the field input/output wiring, and the termination should also be easy. It is also essential to take into account any future expansions that may be required.
The leading manufacturers have customized control panels that make it easy and convenient for you to use them in more appropriate and safe ways.